Australian Wools

Australia is the world's greatest wool producing country, and supplies nearly 900 million Lb. yearly. Mainly merino. Only a small percentage of the wools are crossbreds. The wools, in the shorn state, are very yolky and only yield about 50 per cent pure wool after scouring. Owing to the vast-ness of the country there is a very wide range in qualities of wool, but all of them are of a high quality. Australian merino wool is classifiable into three chief types, which undergo modification according to the conditions of different localities : Fine, showing about 24 crimps to the inch. Medium, with 18 / 22 crimps and a blunt tip at the end of the fibre. Strong, with 14 / 18 crimps an altogether longer staple, and a knob-like tip.

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

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  • Domestic Wools — An American term for the fleece wools, or, as they are sometimes termed, washed fleeces, bright wools, territories, Texas and Californias. Broadly, the term Domestic Wools include all wools grown in the United States. Washed Fleeces include the… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Botany Wools — (1) All fine Australian wools are better known in Great Britain as Botany wools, and the term is used extensively in the United States. The name is taken from the harbour called Botany Bay, which is located on the eastern coast of Australia, in… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Cape Wools — These are South African wools, and vary from the coarsest to very fine. Generally they are rather tender, less wavy and less elastic than Australian wools and do not felt so well. Much used for shawls, hosiery and fabrics that do not require… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Adelaide Wools — Most of the wools from the State of South Australia are sold in Adelaide, and are known as Adelaide wools. The Australian merino also bears this name. It has a fine fibre, sound staple, but irregular in length, and contains a large amount of yolk …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • BROWNE, John Harris (1817-1904) — explorer and pioneer pastoralist was born in England on 22 April 1817. He was well educated and qualified for the medical profession at Edinburgh university. He went to South Australia in 1840, took up land, and in 1844 was asked by Charles Sturt …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • broad — /brɔd/ (say brawd) adjective 1. of great breadth: a broad river; a broad plain. 2. of great extent; large: the broad expanse of ocean. 3. widely diffused; open; full: broad sunshine. 4. not limited or narrow; liberal: broad experience. 5. of… …   Australian English dictionary

  • bulk classing — /bʌlk ˈklasɪŋ/ (say bulk klahsing) noun the bulking together and rebaling into larger lines under another brand, of different brands and descriptions of fleece wools of similar type and yield …   Australian English dictionary

  • heather-mixture — /ˈhɛðə mɪkstʃə/ (say hedhuh mikschuh) adjective having the colour and appearance of heather, especially as certain fabrics or wools of a mixed or speckled hue …   Australian English dictionary

  • kemp — /kɛmp/ (say kemp) noun a coarse, brittle, dead fibre of wool, usually short, wavy and white or opaque, used in mixed wools, as for carpets. {Middle English kempe coarse hair} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Montevideo Merinos — Wools from this district are somewhat short and frequently have a full spongy handle. They are extensively blended with Australian fine wools, chiefly for economic purposes. Their properties in respect to milling, strength and elasticity are… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

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